Category: A group of biblical books that have a similar literary genre or main themes and have been placed together as a major section of the Bible.
Prophets: The books of Israel’s prophets who announced the downfall of Israel’s kingdom and the hope of its restoration after the exile.
Literary Style: A unique style of writing that follows recognized literary conventions and language patterns.
Poetry: A condensed form of writing that uses metaphorical imagery and creative language to engage the reader’s imagination and emotions.
Prophetic: A type of Israelite poetry employed by the prophets to warn and accuse Israel of covenant violation, and to announce future hope.
Obadiah announces Edom's downfall to Babylon, which is an image of how God will bring down all arrogant and violent nations.
Watch our Read Scripture video on the book of Obadiah, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. There is one Read Scripture video dedicated to the book of Obadiah, which aims to help you see its unique contribution to the story of Jesus, but also how they work within the Bible’s overall framework.
The smallest Old Testament account, the Book of Obadiah is a vision written by The Lord's prophet known as Obadiah, who prophesied against Israel's relative nation Edom.
The Edomites, who were descended from Jacob's brother Esau, still carried the grudge their founder had for Jacob's deception. Worse, Esau's nation hated Israel even more. They refused to help Israel in their need, sold them as slaves, and even abused them while they were exiled to Babylon.
Through Obadiah, God declares judgment over Edom and prophesies that they will be erased from history. Babylon overtook Edom 100 years later, never to recover again.
Esau’s jealousy over Jacob stealing his birthright carries over to their lines of descendants – the nations Israel and Edom – even though Esau had forgiven Jacob.
Instead of helping their relatives, Edom gloats over Israel’s exile, enslaving their refugees and encouraging Jerusalem’s destruction. But God’s judgment will pay for their wrongs.
All Nations Judged
Edom’s not the only nation who will receive God’s judgment – all godless nations who have wronged the innocent will be punished for taking advantage, too.
In contrast to Edom’s pride and fall, Israel will be restored after exile. This includes the reconstruction upon their return and the future New Jerusalem.
Edom Brought In
Can Esau’s descendants repent and receive God’s forgiveness? Yes! Even they are included in God’s new kingdom if they repent and believe in His Messiah.