Category: A group of biblical books that have a similar literary genre or main themes and have been placed together as a major section of the Bible.
Prophets: The books of Israel’s prophets who announced the downfall of Israel’s kingdom and the hope of its restoration after the exile.
Literary Style: A unique style of writing that follows recognized literary conventions and language patterns.
Poetry: A condensed form of writing that uses metaphorical imagery and creative language to engage the reader’s imagination and emotions.
Prophetic: A type of Israelite poetry employed by the prophets to warn and accuse Israel of covenant violation, and to announce future hope.
Nahum portrays the downfall of Nineveh and Assyria as an image of how God will confront and bring down all violent human empires.
Watch our Read Scripture video on the book of Nahum, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. There is one Read Scripture video dedicated to the book of Nahum, which aims to help you see its unique contribution to the story of Jesus, but also how they work within the Bible’s overall framework.
The book of Nahum is a collection of poems announcing the downfall of Assyria, one of Israel's worst oppressors. Referencing Daniel, Exodus, Isaiah and Babylon, Nahum shows us that the destruction of Nineveh and Assyria are examples of how God works in history in every age.
He is committed to justice and will not allow any arrogant, violent or evil nation to endure forever. However, while He defeats evil, He is also good and cares for the innocent. He will provide a refuge on the day of distress for anyone who humbles himself before God, believes in God's justice and trusts that in His time He will bring down oppressors in every time and place.
The book of Nahum opens with God's words from Exodus 34. God is slow to anger and great in power, but He must punish evil.
People of Sin Vs. Faith
Referencing Isaiah, Nahum reminds the people that when God brings down the arrogant empires He will provide refuge for those who humble themselves before Him.
The Fall of Nineveh
Babylonian soldiers and chariots will attack Nineveh. Chaos reigns as the soldiers breach the city walls, slaughter the people and plunder and destroy the city.
Nineveh's downfall causes the Assyrian empire to fall. While injustice built the system that made Assyria successful, its violence will also bring about its destruction.
Assyrian King Taunted
Stricken with a fatal wound, the perpetually cruel king of Assyria is taunted and his death is celebrated by the people whom he once oppressed.