Category: A group of biblical books that have a similar literary genre or main themes and have been placed together as a major section of the Bible.
Torah: The first five books of the Old Testament that recount the foundation story of the Israelites, their covenant with God, and their role in human history.
Literary Style: A unique style of writing that follows recognized literary conventions and language patterns.
Narrative: A story sequence in which characters are placed in a setting and involved in a developing plotline.
Epic Narrative: A narrative that is intentionally placed in an ambiguous historical setting in order to make larger claims about the nature of reality and human purpose.
Law: Ancient Israelite customs and regulations that governed civil and religious practice and constituted the terms of Israel’s covenant with God.
God invites the Israelites into a covenant and comes to live among them in the Tabernacle, but Israel rebels and ruins the relationship.
Torah Series Part IV
The Israelites come to Mt. Sinai, where God invites them into a covenant relationship. He wants to make them his representatives to all the nations and come to personally live in their midst. But Israel rebels by making an idol of the golden calf, which is just a really bad idea.
About Exodus 19-40
After God delivers the Israelites from slavery in Egypt, He leads them through the wilderness back to Mt. Sinai where Moses first met Him in the second half of the Book of Exodus. There, the Israelites prepare themselves for a miraculous encounter with the Lord - God Himself will come down to the top of the mountain, where He will fellowship and establish Abraham's covenant with them!
Moses spends 40 days with Him on the mountain, but the Israelites are afraid and stay at the bottom. The story takes a tragic twist when Aaron helps the Israelites fashion a golden idol and worship it - right at the foot of the mountain - while Moses is away. God considers wiping them out for the atrocity and making a new nation from Moses instead, but changes His mind when Moses intercedes and reminds Him of Abraham's Covenant, further showing us God's character of love and justice.
The Israelites Meet God
God leads the Israelites back to Mt. Sinai and reveals His presence to them. Israel is afraid, but Moses ascends and fellowships with God there.
Covenant at Mt. Sinai
God writes the Covenant's legal terms for Moses and instructs him to build a portable sanctuary for Him on their journey to the Promised Land.
Moses talks with God 40 days, but Israel grows impatient and worships a golden calf. Heartbroken, Moses breaks God's tablets and 3,000 die in judgment.
Though God is disappointed in Israel, Moses reminds Him of Abraham's covenant and pleads forgiveness. God listens and writes new stone tablets to give them.
Glory in the Tabernacle
Moses builds the Tabernacle as instructed. It is filled with symbolism reflecting the Garden of Eden. God's Glory settles in the Tabernacle.
Read Scripture Part II
Watch our Read Scripture video on the book of Exodus, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. This is the second of two Read Scripture videos dedicated to the book of Exodus, which aims to help you see its unique contribution to the story of Jesus, but also how it works within the Bible’s overall framework.