Category: A group of biblical books that have a similar literary genre or main themes and have been placed together as a major section of the Bible.
Prophets: The books of Israel’s prophets who announced the downfall of Israel’s kingdom and the hope of its restoration after the exile.
Literary Style: A unique style of writing that follows recognized literary conventions and language patterns.
Poetry: A condensed form of writing that uses metaphorical imagery and creative language to engage the reader’s imagination and emotions.
Prophetic: A type of Israelite poetry employed by the prophets to warn and accuse Israel of covenant violation, and to announce future hope.
Micah announces that God's justice is coming in order to create a new future of love and faithfulness on the other side of Israel's sin and exile.
Watch our Read Scripture video on the book of Micah, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. There is one Read Scripture video dedicated to the book of Micah, which aims to help you see its unique contribution to the story of Jesus, but also how they work within the Bible’s overall framework.
The book of Micah describes God's coming judgment on Israel because of its rebellion. The Assyrian Empire and then the Babylon Empire would destroy the nation and leave Jerusalem in ruin. However, Micah also gives the people hope. Like a shepherd, God will one day gather and restore a faithful remnant to the land. He will rebuild Jerusalem, defeat evil forever, set a Messianic King to rule over the people and bless all the nations.
Before that can happen, though, He must confront and judge evil from among His people. Then He can show mercy and fulfill His covenant promise to Abraham and bless all the nations through Israel. His ultimate purpose is not to destroy Israel but to redeem and save the world.
The book of Micah opens with God's appearance over Israel like at Mt Sinai in Exodus. He has come to judge the rebellious, unjust people.
Israel's leaders violate the Torah as they accept bribes, bend justice, favor the wealthy and steal land from the poor. God will judge them severely.
Hope and Restoration
Although God accuses and warns the people, He also gives them hope. He will shepherd the faithful remnant and gather all the nations to Israel.
After the Assyrian attack and Babylonian exile, God will restore His people in their land with a new Jerusalem, a Messianic King and no evil.
Future Hope in God
Israel begs God to listen to and forgive them, and He will because of His merciful character and covenant promise to Abraham and His people.