Category: A group of biblical books that have a similar literary genre or main themes and have been placed together as a major section of the Bible.
Torah: The first five books of the Old Testament that recount the foundation story of the Israelites, their covenant with God, and their role in human history.
Literary Style: A unique style of writing that follows recognized literary conventions and language patterns.
Prose Discourse: A speech that makes persuasive claims through a logical sequence of thought and clear patterns of rhetoric.
Law: Ancient Israelite customs and regulations that governed civil and religious practice and constituted the terms of Israel’s covenant with God.
Israel’s holy God invites them to live in His presence despite their sin, through a series of rituals and sacred institutions.
Read Scripture Part V
God invites Israel to live in close proximity to his holy presence. Which seems awesome, but it’s actually dangerous. This book explores how the sacrificial rituals and purity practices cleared the way for morally corrupt Israelites to become God’s covenant partners.
In order to heal the damage from Israel's rebellion against His instructions, God established a way for people's sins to be covered through a system of sacrifices in the laws of the covenant. These laws described in the Book of Leviticus serve a three-fold purpose: forgive acts of sin and spare people's lives, show the world that Israel was God's holy ambassador to the earth, and define standards of right and wrong that will fortify immense value to Christ's sacrifice for humanity.
Since God's nature is absolutely good, no evil can ever be present near him - including humans tainted with the sin of Adam's fall. Unfortunately, some individuals learn this the hard way as the Israelites adjust themselves to correctly performing these laws. Still, God blesses them in His continual mercy as Abraham's descendants of The Blessing.
The Five Offerings
God gives instructions to Moses for five different offering procedures. Two of the offerings express thanksgiving to the Lord, while three of them cover sin.
Aaron and his family are ordained as Israel's firsts priests, though Aaron's two sons die after disobeying the Lord's directions. Qualifications for priesthood are established.
Rituals & Festivals
God provides further instructions for the Israelites in choice of food, ritual purity, moral conduct, and holy festivals to be set apart as His representatives.
Day of Atonement
God places special emphasis on The Day of Atonement, a sacrifice that covers any sins unaddressed after the other offerings. Christ's foreshadowing is included here.
Moses Enters the Tent
When God finished stating the laws of the Covenant, Moses is able to enter the Tent of Meeting again, signifying the completion of these laws.