Category: A group of biblical books that have a similar literary genre or main themes and have been placed together as a major section of the Bible.
Torah: The first five books of the Old Testament that recount the foundation story of the Israelites, their covenant with God, and their role in human history.
Literary Style: A unique style of writing that follows recognized literary conventions and language patterns.
Narrative: A story sequence in which characters are placed in a setting and involved in a developing plotline.
Epic Narrative: A narrative that is intentionally placed in an ambiguous historical setting in order to make larger claims about the nature of reality and human purpose.
God rescues the Israelites from slavery in Egypt and confronts the evil and injustice of Pharaoh.
Torah Series Part III
The first part of Exodus recounts how Abraham’s family ends up enslaved in Egypt. God raises up a deliverer to confront the evil of Pharaoh and to liberate the Israelites. From Egypt they set out into the wilderness on the way to Mt. Sinai.
About Exodus 1-18
Filled with memorable miracles, Chapters 1-18 in the Book of Exodus hold much more purpose than simple entertainment. They contain historical accounts with tangible truths that still apply to the present. The story begins in Egypt where Genesis leaves off but reveals a much darker picture: Abraham's descendants have indeed grown as numerous as the stars, but are now oppressed in slavery by a Pharaoh who has forgotten the kindness his predecessor showed to Joseph's family.
Hearing their prayers, God confronts Pharaoh's stubbornness and delivers the Israelites from bondage. He sends Moses and Aaron to Pharaoh as agents that usher in a multitude of signs and wonders, and display God's glory in a land of idols. God also establishes the first Passover, a turnkey event for the founding of Israel and Christ's sacrifice. Themes of redemption, rebellion and The Blessing continue to play out for individuals and nations in this section.
Slavery in Egypt
After 430 years of brutal slavery in Egypt, God answers the Israelites' cries for help. He sends Moses and Aaron to tell Pharaoh to release them.
God vs. Pharaoh
Moses and Aaron keep telling Pharaoh about God's message, but Pharaoh doesn't listen. God sends nine plagues in Egypt, yet Pharaoh's heart grows hard each time.
God sends one final plague: Kill Egypt's firstborn overnight. The Israelites sacrifice lambs, spread the blood on their doorways and are saved – the first Passover.
Pharaoh's son dies and the Israelites leave, but Pharaoh changes his mind and pursues them. They miraculously cross the sea and the Egyptian army drowns.
Miracles in the Wilderness
The Israelites praise God for saving them but eventually grumble against Moses' leadership. In His mercy, God provides them with food and water in the wilderness.
Read Scripture Part I
Watch our Read Scripture video on the book of Exodus, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. This is the first of two Read Scripture videos dedicated to the book of Exodus, which aims to help you see its unique contribution to the story of Jesus, but also how it works within the Bible’s overall framework.