Category: A group of biblical books that have a similar literary genre or main themes and have been placed together as a major section of the Bible.
Historical: The narrative books of the Old Testament that recount Israel’s rise and fall in the land of Canaan, leading to their exile in Babylon.
Literary Style: A unique style of writing that follows recognized literary conventions and language patterns.
Narrative: A story sequence in which characters are placed in a setting and involved in a developing plotline.
Epic Narrative: A narrative that is intentionally placed in an ambiguous historical setting in order to make larger claims about the nature of reality and human purpose.
David becomes God's most faithful king, but then rebels, resulting in the slow destruction of his family and kingdom.
Watch our Read Scripture video on 2 Samuel, which breaks down the literary design of the book and its flow of thought. There is one Read Scripture video dedicated to the book of 2 Samuel, which aims to help you see its unique contribution to the story of Jesus, but also how it works within the Bible’s overall framework.
About 2 Samuel
As the Book of 2 Samuel Bible picks up where 1 Samuel left off, the themes of humility and pride continue as David mourns for the loss of Saul and Jonathan. His faithfulness to God ushers in a united Israel that finally defeats the surrounding Philistines and establishes a kingdom in the land.
David captures Jerusalem and claims the city as its capital. Peace is achieved around all of its borders. Instead of hiding in caves, David can finally rest in a cedar palace. And yet, all he thinks about is building a house for his God, so he expresses his desire to do that for Him. Touched by his faith, God makes a covenant with David in return: Jesus Christ, the Messiah, will Himself come from David's house of descendants. And, despite David's failures, God ensures that promise remains even after his death.
A New King
David laments the deaths of Saul and Jonathan. In time, he becomes king of Judah and then of Israel. David captures Jerusalem, making it Israel's capital.
Now in his palace, David desires to build God a house. Instead, God promises David an eternal royal house that will come from his descendants.
David and Bathsheba
When David commits terrible sins, God spares him, but the damage is done: a future of family strife embroiled in politics, rebellion and death begins.
Sin and Consequence
Family strife continues as Amnon rapes Tamar and is murdered by vengeful Absalom, who attempts to usurp David's rule but is violently killed. David grieves.
Despite his failures, David remembers God's goodness in his life. David believes that God will deliver His promised Messiah through his descendants – and He does.